Two Most Frequent Sentence Errors in English

Image result for comma splice and fragment sentences

Sentences in English exist to express a COMMON THEME OR IDEA- The sentence should be a COMPLETE THOUGHT on its own –> INDEPENDENT!

When a sentence DOESN’T do this it is either a:

COMMA SPLICE, or a

FRAGMENT.

A Comma Splice occurs in the middle of a line where, in fact, a PERIOD [ . ] or either a SEMICOLON [ ; ] or COLON [ : ] should be.

For example:

“He looked worried when  he arrived, his clothes were messy and he was sweating.”

Where the COMMA [ , ] is there should either be

a PERIOD:

“He looked worried when  he arrived. his clothes were messy and he was sweating.”;

a SEMICOLON:

“He looked worried when  he arrived; his clothes were messy and he was sweating.”; or

a COLON:

“He looked worried when  he arrived: His clothes were messy and he was sweating.”

With a Colon, the second part is a further detailed description of the first sentence.

With a Semicolon, the second part is a separate-but-equal section of the same sentence; again with further description.

A Sentence Fragment occurs when there is NO MAIN CLAUSE or INDEPENDENT idea in the sentence.

For example, using the first part of the same sentence above:

“He looked worried. When  he arrived.

The second part is a FRAGMENT because it doesn’t carry a complete idea.

Here’s another,

“As soon as I type this.  I will meet her.”

Here the first part is a FRAGMENT because the reader loses any idea of what the writer is saying: We are left thinking, “And… what?” Only the next sentence explains it– this means these two parts should stand together in ONE COMPLEX SENTENCE.

 

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