The Four Most Common Conversations – Part #2 – Giving/asking for information/direction

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Giving and asking for information is, after ordering something from a store, the most frequent conversation we can have in our daily lives as modern consumers and language learner.

There are TWO TYPES OF QUESTION FORMATION in English:
Yes/No questions are formed by changing the order of the Subject and Verb in the sentence.

A normal “declaration” uses the order:

Subject – Verb – Object, for example

Randy drove the car.

To make this a Yes/No question we the the Auxiliary “do” for the verb “drive” in the past tense and place it in front of the Subject “Randy” and get,

Did Randy drive the car?

This statement also has a higher pitch at end of the sentence indicating that the sentence is a Yes/No question.

Yes/NO Questions do not elicit nor require a lot of information. In fact they are “over specific” in that the question asks for verification of a single fact or event. For Example:

Do you have any hamburgers?

The question only asks for a specific kind of food and whether it’s “yes” or “no”.

These are easy questions to ask and to answer but they do not give much more information than the content of the question itself and they could be confusing. For example,

“Does your dog bite?”

“No.” (then the man bends over and touch the dog and he BITES him!)

“Ouch! I thought you said your dog doesn’t bite.”

“MY DOG doesn’t bite. But that is not my dog!”

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