Past and Present Perfect Tenses in English

Resultado de imagen para on the beach in Mexico


In speaking English, especially informally “on the street,” we most often use only the three simple tenses: Present, Past, and Future. However in formal more professional English you are stuck: You need all 12 tenses to effectively do business and be clear.

The “Present Perfect” tense is used to describe an action which,
-began in the past and
-is continuing into the present.
If you use the simple Past tense in this situation it will be confusing. For example:

“When did you arrive in Mexico?”

“In August. So I HAVE LIVED in Mexico for 6 months and I love it.”

Translation: I arrived in August and have continued living in Mexico until now.

The Present Perfect is formed by the AUX (Auxiliary Verb) HAVE + Past Participle (LIVED).

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