3 Kinds of English Sentences: Part 1

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There are 3 Kinds of English Sentences: SIMPLE             COMPOUND           COMPLEX

A simple sentence consists of one clause containing a SUBJECT         VERB        (OBJECT depending on the verb)

Example:         Randy drove the car.

SUBJECT / VERB / OBJECT

The second KIND OF SENTENCE is = THE COMPOUND SENTENCE

Here we use two INDEPENDENT CLAUSES and CONNECT them together with a CONJUNCTION.

Sentences: Part 1

Independent Clauses can actually stand alone as Independent Sentences. For example:

Greg ate a sandwich.

Greg drank some juice.

But with a Conjunction we can combine these into a COMPOUND SENTENCE:

Greg ate a sandwich AND drank some juice.

The Third Kind of Sentence in English is the COMPLEX SENTENCE.

We form these by combining

an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE with a DEPENDENT CLAUSE

A DEPENDENT CLAUSE “depends” or relies on the INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: It cannot stand alone as a separate sentence and still make sense.

An example is,

When I finish writing, I’m going running.

[DEPENDENT CLAUSE   +   INDEPENDENT CLAUSE]

To say, “When I finish writing…” and not say anything else to complete it, is just confusing in English = It’s a DEPENDENT CLAUSE relying on the INDEPENDENT CLAUSE to give it meaning and context. It cannot stand on it’s own, so in a sense the INDEPENDENT CLAUSE “holds up” or “supports” the DEPENDENT CLAUSE.

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